The Union cabinet on Wednesday approved the ratification of India’s Kigali Amendment to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was adopted by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its 28th meeting in Kigali, Rwanda in October 2016.
The cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the phase-out of HFCs, which is expected to prevent greenhouse gas emissions.
After consultation with all industry stakeholders, a national strategy for the phase-out of hydrofluorocarbons will be developed by 2023.
Changes to the existing legislative framework, the rules for ozone-depleting substances (regulation and control) to allow appropriate control of the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons to ensure compliance with the Kigali amendment, will be implemented by mid-2024.
The phase-out of HFCs is expected to prevent emissions of up to 105 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents of greenhouse gases, which could prevent global temperature rise to 0.5 degrees Celsius by 2100, while protecting the ozone layer, officials said.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international environmental treaty to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of man-made chemicals called ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
The stratospheric ozone layer protects people and the environment from harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
According to the amendment, the implementation of the HFC phasing through the introduction of low global warming potential and energy efficient technologies will lead to increased energy efficiency and a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, which is an “additional climate benefit”.
“There would be scope for domestic production of equipment and alternative non-HFC and low global warming potential chemicals to enable industry to move to low global warming potential alternatives under the agreed HFC phase-out schedule.
In addition, there would be opportunities to promote domestic innovation for new generation alternative refrigerants and related technologies.
Hydrofluorocarbons were introduced as a non-ozone depleting alternative to chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) such as R-12 and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) such as R-21.
Although HFCs do not deplete the ozone layer in the stratosphere, they have a high greenhouse effect ranging from 12 to 14,000, which has a negative effect on the climate.
Recognizing the growth in the use of HFCs, particularly in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector, the Parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed at their 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP) in October 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda, to add of HFCs to the Controlled Substances List and approved a timeline for their gradual reduction by 80-85 percent by the end of the 2040s.
India will complete the phase-out of HFCs from 2032 in four steps with cumulative reductions of 10 percent by 2032, 20 percent by 2037, 30 percent by 2042 and 80 percent by 2047, the government said.
“All amendments and adjustments to the Montreal Protocol, prior to the Kigali amendment, have universal support,” it said.
India became a party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer on June 19, 1992 and has since ratified the amendments to the Montreal Protocol.
India has successfully met its targets to phase out all ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol Schedule, officials said.
(This story was not edited by NewsMadura staff and was generated automatically from a syndicated feed.)