Meghan Lopez, the International Rescue Commission’s regional vice president for Latin America, said in a statement on Oct. 18. “Months later, this still hasn’t happened,”
The Department of Homeland Security has not taken advantage of this waiver since the organizations ended their participation, according to a government official who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the matter.
Some countries will not take back their citizens.
There have always been countries that refuse to take back their citizens. In 2006, China refused to take back about 39,000 citizens who would otherwise have been barred from entering the United States. The Department of Homeland Security has released many of them pending immigration proceedings.
The United States faces the same challenge with other countries such as Brazil, Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela. The number of people from those countries crossing illegally has increased. In October, Venezuelans were rejected 91 times under the public health rule, although border officials caught Venezuelans illegally more than 13,400 times. Similarly, Cubans were expelled only 42 times of the nearly 6,000 caught crossing the border without documentation.
With the Biden administration reinstating the Remain program in Mexico, some migrants from these countries will have to wait their case in Mexico rather than the United States. But due to humanitarian regulations that Mexico has demanded to cooperate with, it is unlikely to transfer a significant number of migrants awaiting enforcement proceedings in the United States.
In October, half of the migrants not deported under Title 42 came from Brazil, Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela — countries that typically will not repatriate their citizens. Nearly half traveled as part of a family unit or were unaccompanied children. Some families with young children and unaccompanied children are considered too vulnerable to wait in Mexico for their asylum cases to be decided, and therefore would not be likely candidates for the Remain in Mexico program.